Archive for the ‘Audio catechism’ Category

Prosphora Liturgy of Preparation, Proskimidia, Service of Prothesis. Offering Prosphora and names at the Liturgy.

Saturday, September 18th, 2010

This is the outline for the "after liturgy" talk that is customarily given in our church, before it is too chaotic to teach. The plan is to give this talk tommorow, with the material below as a handout. I "try" to keep things short, so by no means is the talk comprehensive.


Prosphora

Liturgy of Preparation, Proskimidia, Service of Prothesis

Offering Prosphora and names at the Liturgy.

 

 

What is prosphora?

·         The bread used for the liturgy.

o       Pure wheat flour, water, yeast, salt ONLY.

o       ALWAYS leavened. – to celebrate the Resurrection

o       ALWAYS two layers to symbolize the dual nature of Christ.

o       Stamped on the top.

o       Baked by the faithful as an offering.

§         The process of baking should be discussed another time.

 

Styles of Prosphora

§         Greek “Byzantine” style

§         L to R: Byzantine style stamp, Byzantine style prosphora.
Greek Style prosphora stamp. http://www.prosphora.org/newbyz4.jpg

·         One large loaf

·         Stamp in the form of a cross, in 5 parts.

·         Vertical:

o       Three stamps IC XC NIKA ("Jesus Christ conquers")

o       Top: commemorate the living

o       Center – the Lamb, only part that will become the body of Christ

o       Bottom – for the dead

·         Horizontal

o       Left: Triangular area:Theotokos 

o       Right: 9 small triangular pieces the nine ranks of commemorations

1.      St John the Baptist

2.      Prophets

3.      Apostles

4.      Hierarchs

5.      Martyrs

6.      Monastics and all righteous.

7.      Unmercenary healers

8.      Saints of the day and patron of the temple

9.      Saint whose liturgy we celebrate (St John Chrysostom or St Basil)

§         Russian Style

§         L to R – Russian style stamp, 2 Russian style prosphora
   Russian style prosphora seal. From http://www.stmarkorthodox.org/prosphora.html Image at: http://www.stmarkorthodox.org/pictures/russ_seal.gif Russian style prosphora http://www.prosphora.org/rusloaves.jpg

·         Five separate loaves. – recalling Feeding of the 5000 (with 5 loaves and 2 fish)

·         Usually the Theotokos loaf has a special stamp.

·         Sometimes the loaf for the 9 ranks has a special stamp.

§         Prosphora for individual offering

·         Smaller.

·         Stamp of IC XC NIKA or sometimes a Saint or the Theotokos.

 

How is prosphora used?

  • Two ways
    • Collectively – Offered by all the people.
      • The bread that will become the body of Christ
    • Individually.
      • Submitted with a list of names of the living and the dead.  
      • 1 or 2 loaves.
      • Should be always with alms. (Some crudely call this “purchasing” a prosphora.

 

When is prosphora used?

  • Liturgy of Preparation = Proskimidia” = “offering”= Prothesis (Gk. “setting forth”)
  • Service before Divine Liturgy.
    • By the priest only, with deacon.
    • Five loaves prepared, placed on diskos for Divine liturgy.
    • Priest commemorates people from his (usually very large) dyptichs.
    • INDIVIDUAL PROSPHORA OFFERINGS SHOULD BE DONE AT THIS TIME.

 

 

Diskos prepared for liturgy. The Lamb and particles placed on the diskos. The large triangle to the viewer's left of the Lamb is the particle for the Theotokos; to the right of the Lamb are the particles for the nine ranks (saints); below the Lamb are the particles commemorating the living and the departed. From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liturgy_of_Preparation<br />
\<br />
Image at http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/Patene-byzantine.jpg/250px-Patene-byzantine.jpg Diskos prepared for liturgy.

* The Lamb and particles placed on the diskos.
* The large triangle to the left of the Lamb is the particle for the Theotokos
* To the right of the Lamb are the particles for the nine ranks (saints)
* Below the Lamb are the particles commemorating the living and the departed.



Important pastoral notes.

 

·         “The priest prays for the people and with the people but not instead of the people.”

o       This means you should be present to offer your prosphora!

  • Prosphora should be offered
    • By the individual making the offering ONLY (not by proxy)
    • With alms.
    • Before the Divine Liturgy, so the priest can commemorate the names properly.
  • Concerning names.
    • Living and the Dead. 
    • For each Orthodox name (if there is time!) a particle is taken out and placed on the diskos.
      • Near the end of the liturgy, after the communion of the faithful, all particles are poured into the chalice with the prayer: “By thy precious Blood, O Lord, wash away the sins of those here commemorated, through the intercessions of Thy saints. “
      • Clearly, non Orthodox do not commune from the chalice, so neither should non Orthodox be commemorated with a particle, which will be put in the chalice
    • Orthodox names should be used – no nicknames, etc
    • It really helps if you *print* legibly.  It is REALLY frustrating to try to make out bad handwriting. Russian cursive is almost impossible for me to read.
    • Non-Orthodox must be clearly marked.
      • Non-Orthodox are not “placed on the diskos”, but I always pray for all names. Christians pray for everyone, but do not pray for everyone in the exact same way.
  • What happens when prosphora is offered late?
    • The priest’s prayer is disrupted.
      • He should never leave the front of the altar except when the service calls for movement.  Concentration is difficult.
      • The names are not commemorated properly.
    • The commemorations may be missed.

 

 

Locally at St Nicholas

  • Everyone must offer their own prosphora. If a person is sick, of course, arrangements can be made with a friend to offer their commemoration book, but this is the exception, not the rule.
  • Please indicate clearly if a person is not Orthodox.
  • Use Orthodox names, not nicknames, etc.
  • There are commemoration books in back, and commemoration slips, for the living and dead. . Each person must individually get a prosphora and offer it along with their book or slip(s).
  • I am asking people to make a good faith effort to offer prosphora before the Liturgy begins.
  • We do not have a strict cutoff” times when prosphora are not accepted, but keep in mind that any prosphora offered after the liturgy starts cause a problem for the priest and guarantee that individual particles for each name will not be taken out, and definitely, none are accepted after the Great Entrance.
  • Keep in mind that my dyptichs are extensive and all current/past/sometime parishioners are commemorated.

 

References

Service of the Proskimidea http://www.orthodox.net/services/proskomede.html (also in PDF and DOC formats)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liturgy_of_Preparation

http://www.stmarkorthodox.org/prosphora.html

http://prosphora.org/

 

Priest Seraphim Holland 2010     St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church, McKinney, Texas

 

This outline is at:

http://www.orthodox.net/catechism/orthopraxis_2020+offering-prosphora+proskimidia,service-of-preparation.doc

 

http://www.orthodox.net/catechism/orthopraxis_2020+offering-prosphora+proskimidia,service-of-preparation.html

 

 

New catechism outlines, Journal entries, homilies, etc. are on our BLOG: http://www.orthodox.net/redeemingthetime

 

Articles Archive: http://www.orthodox.net/articles

Journal Archive: http://www.orthodox.net/journal

Catechism Archive: http://www.orthodox.net/catechism

 

Blog posts & local parish news are posted to our email list. Go to here: http://groups.google.com/group/saint-nicholas-orthodox-church to join.

 

Use this for any edifying reason, but please give credit, and include the URL of the article. This content belongs to the author. We would love to hear from you with comments! (seraphim@orthodox.net)

 

 

 

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Baptism And Emergency Baptism. Short catechetical talk.

Tuesday, September 14th, 2010

Synopsis:A Short talk about the minimum requirements for baptism, and emergency baptism, which is a baptism performed withot a priest when a person is in danger of immanent death. Who can perform this baptism, how should it be done, and what must be done after the baptism is performed. The text is an outline of the talk. These talks are designed to get a little information into the faithful right after the liturgy before it becomes too chaotic to teach.

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Give the first fruits of your day to the Lord. The “Four Bows” Audio/Text

Tuesday, September 7th, 2010

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The "Four Bows" – a simple set of prayers that should begin the day for everyone. Excellent for children. Also descibed in the article The Four bows

This short talk is part of a series of very short after liturgy talks. There is so much to say, and so little time!

More catechetical talks and articles are HERE


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If we are honest with ourselves, we should lament our inattention to God, our weak and inconstant prayer, our false priorities, the time we waste on things that are not effectual for our salvation. We are weak creatures, driven by habit, and many of these habits are sinful and destructive. So many of our activities are thieves – they steal time from prayer.

It is precisely because of our nature that I have counseled most of you to do "4 bows" in the morning. There is a superb article, from an old "Nicodemus" publication (which later became "Orthodox America") which provided the seed for this instruction. In the article, a bishop was instructing a group of children. I will try to reproduce the gist of his words here.

Our hearts are like coal, which is cold, but may be lit with persistent effort. Coal lights very slowly, and much care must be taken to tend it, even when it is burning. Our prayer is like blowing on the coal, which gradually becomes warmer, and eventually a hot fire, but only after much persistence on our part. The key is persistence, and not to lose heart. Even a small effort is rewarded by God, if we are persistent.

The bishop then went on to instruct the children to do three bows in the morning, IMMEDIATELY after they got out of bed. I added one more bow to the list, and have told almost everyone in confession or another time about this rule. This rule follows, and I beg all of you to follow it with all your strength.

The Four Bows

Upon arising in the morning, before anything else , direct your heart and mind towards God, and face your icons, or face East and with compunction, and without haste, make four bows, or better, four prostrations. Do this with hope in God, and the sure belief that He will receive your prayer, as He received the widow's two mites, and protect you during the day, even if you fall into inattention and these prayers are the last you will say for the entire day.

Making the sign of the cross, with a bow of prostration during each prayer say:

1 Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God have mercy on me a sinner.
2 Most Holy Theotokos, save us.
3 Holy Saint ______ (your patron saint), pray to God for me.
4 Holy Angel of God, my guardian, pray to God for me.

After these prayers, it is best to continue with your morning prayers, and then turn your attentions to the cares of the day. Even if the weakness of the flesh compels us to abandon our prayer and rush into our day, perhaps not to return to our morning prayer, at least we have begun the by giving our "first fruits" to God. Let us do these "few things", four short prayers that take under a minute, so that in time, our heart will become aflame with the love of God, and our Lord will say to us: ""Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord." (Mat 25:21)


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Short talk on the Transfiguration

Monday, August 23rd, 2010

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If the "LISTEN NOW" link does not work, copy this URL into your browser: http://www.orthodox.net/catechism/feasts-of-the-lord_2010-08-23+transfiguration+after-liturgy-short-talk.m3u

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We have been having short talks after Liturgy recently. The homily is after the Gospel, where it belongs, and after liturgy, I try to talk about something practical (usually), trying to keep it as short as possible.

I have talked about confession, oil, bows and prostrations, etc. Sometimes I cannot help myself and must talk about theological topic.

We just celebrated the Transfiguration, and as is usual for any "extra" services, most people were not in attendance. This is a very important feast, and I think the people should be taught about it at least every year, so I gave a short talk about the Transfiguration (or combination talk and homily) yesterday.

I am trying to get organized and have a handout for the talks. The way my brain works is just to scribble stuff down Sunday morning and go with it, but I am trying to mend my ways. Sunday, there was a handout:


Transfiguration. Aug 6/19

 

  1. The story, summarized.
  2. What does this teach us about Jesus Christ?
  3. What does this teach us about ourselves?
  4. Why did it occur when it did?
  5. Why were Moses and Elias present?
  6. What other event in our Lord's life has obvious similarities to the Transfiguration?
  7. Blessing of fruit, especially grapes.
  8. OT Scripture for the Feast
  9. The most important “take home message” scripture for the feast.

 

Troparion  Tone 7

 

Thou wast transfigured on the mountain, O Christ God, / Who didst show Thy glory unto Thy disciples as far as they could bear it. / May Thine ever-existing light / shine forth also upon us sinners / through the prayers of the Theotokos. // O Bestower of light, glory be to Thee!

 

Kontakion Tone 7


On the mountain wast Thou transfigured, / and Thy disciples beheld Thy glory as far as they could bear it, O Christ God; / that when they would see Thee crucified, / they would comprehend that Thy suffering was voluntary, / and proclaim to the world that Thou art of a truth //
the Effulgence of the Father.

 

2 Peter 1:16-17 16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17 For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

 

2Pe 1:4  Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

 

 

This and other Orthodox materials are available in from:

St. Nicholas Orthodox Church, McKinney, Texas

 

·        Mailing Address: Box 37, McKinney, TX 75070

·        Rectory Phone: 972/529-2754

·        Email: seraphim@orthodox.net

·        Web Page: http://www.orthodox.net

·        Redeeming the Time Blog: http://www.orthodox.net/redeemingthetime/

 

This handout accompanies a short talk given after liturgy concerning the Transfiguration.

 

Audio: http://www.orthodox.net/catechism//feasts-of-the-lord_2010-08-23+transfiguration+after-liturgy-short-talk.mp3

 

All rights reserved.  Please use this material in any edifying reason. We ask that you contact St. Nicholas if you wish to distribute it in any way.  We grant permission to post this text, if completely intact only, including this paragraph and the URL of the text, to any electronic mailing list, church bulletin, web page or blog.

 

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Audio talk on: Vespers, An overview of the themes of Vespers, and the Jewish character of Orthodox worship.

Thursday, May 29th, 2008

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In this catechetical talk, we give an overview of the themes of Vespers and the “Jewishness” of Orthodox worship.


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Prayers of the Church – Lazarus Sat and Palm Sunday Troparion

Friday, April 18th, 2008

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In confirming the common Resurrection, O Christ God, / Thou didst raise up Lazarus from the dead before Thy Passion. / Wherefore, we also like the children, bearing the symbols of victory, / cry to Thee, the Vanquisher of death: / Hosanna in the highest, // blessed is He that cometh in the Name of the Lord.


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Prayers of the Church:Typology of the Cross in prayer – catechetical talk

Tuesday, April 1st, 2008

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A Discussion of the rich typology about the cross in Scripture, using prayers from the services for the Cross as examples.


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Audio talk on: Prayers of the church, Lenten Prayers, By The Waters of Babylon, Psalm 136

Thursday, March 6th, 2008

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Psalm 136
By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and we wept when we remembered Sion. Alleluia.

Upon the willows in the midst thereof did we hang our instruments. Alleluia.

For there, they that had taken us captive asked us for words of song;
And they that had led us away asked us for a hymn, saying: sing us one of the songs of Sion. Alleluia.

How shall we sing the Lord’s song in a strange land? Alleluia.

If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand be forgotten.
Alleluia.

Let my tongue cleave to my throat, if I remember thee not,
If I set not Jerusalem above all others, as at the head of my joy. Alleluia.

Remember, O Lord, the sons of Edom, in the day of Jerusalem, Who said: Lay waste, lay waste to her, even to the foundations thereof. Alleluia.

O daughter of Babylon, thou wretched one,
blessed shall he be who shall reward thee wherewith thou hast rewarded us. Alleluia.

Blessed shall he be who shall seize and dash thine infants against the rock. Alleluia.



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Audio talk on: Prayers of the church, Vespers, Gladsome Light

Wednesday, February 27th, 2008

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O Gladsome Light of the holy glory of the immortal, heavenly, holy, blessed Father, O Jesus Christ: Having come to the setting of the sun, having beheld the evening light, we praise the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit: God. Meet it is for Thee at all times to be praised with reverent voices, O Son of God, Giver of life. Wherefore, the world doth glorify Thee.


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Audio talk on: Prayers of the church, Vespers, Lord I have Cried

Wednesday, February 20th, 2008

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