A Messianic Psalm: The Beloved One is Jesus Christ
The Daughter Who is all glorious within is the Theotokos
Psalm 44 (Septuagint) is a Messianic Psalm , and is one of the few Psalms that describes the Theotokos.
Blessed Augustine has an interesting note about the heading of this Psalm, which is addressed to the “Sons of Kore”:
“Now Korah is equivalent to the word baldness; and we find in the Gospel that our Lord Jesus Christ was crucified in "the place of a skull." It is clear then that this Psalm is sung to the "sons of His ‘Passion.”” 
This verse is said by the priest when he puts on his “nabredrinic”, which is a rectangular cloth vestment that hangs from his left shoulder, diagonally across his body, resting on his right side.
Of course, it also refers to the God-man, Jesus Christ.
A sword is a tool of action; it is useless if it remains in its scabbard. Here we see the kind of action that is favored by God – “truth and meekness and righteousness”. In another place, the “Mighty One”, preaching to His disciples, told them that the kingdom of heaven is being won by violence, and these two thoughts are completely compatible. The Christian must do violence to his passions, uprooting them, because they all with one accord resist “truth and meekness and righteousness”.
When the priest puts on his “sword”, he is preparing to do battle with his passions and pray with attention in front of the altar during the awesome liturgy.
We all must carry a sword – being ready at all times to do battle against our passions. Every time we act according to truth, we strike a blow with our sword.
6. Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity. Wherefore God, Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness more than Thy fellows.
The “oil of gladness” is the Holy Spirit, which Jesus Christ was anointed with .
The Christian is also anointed with the “oil of gladness”, but not everyone is anointed to the same measure. The God-man, more than any other man, loved righteousness and hated iniquity, and therefore, His anointing with the Holy Spirit is above all His “fellows” – all of mankind.
The “oil of gladness” gives “gladness’. We see that this gladness is directly proportional to how much we love righteousness.
A basic truth of the Christian life is that “to feel good we must do good”.
When we suffer from sadness, let us be careful to evaluate why. Many times this will be because we are not righteous. The gladness that the lover of righteousness possesses transcends any situation.
“But the souls of the just are in the hand of God, and the torment of death shall not touch them. (2) In the sight of the unwise they seemed to die: and their departure was taken for misery: (3) And their going away from us, for utter destruction: but they are in peace. (4) And though in the sight of men they suffered torments, their hope is full of immortality.” (Wisdom 3:1-4 DRB)
8 . At Thy right hand stood the queen, arrayed in a vesture of inwoven gold, adorned in varied colours. 9 . Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline thine ear; and forget thine own people and thy father’s house. 10 . And the King shall greatly desire thy beauty, for He Himself is thy Lord, and thou shalt worship Him.
This is about the Theotokos.
12. All the glory of the daughter of the King is within, with gold-fringed garments is she arrayed, adorned in varied colours.
And this also. All holiness is like this – it is “within”, hidden away from those who do not have eyes to see. Only those who love righteousness truly know the righteous.
16. I shall commemorate thy name in every generation and generation. 17. Therefore shall peoples give praise unto thee for ever, and unto the ages of ages
Verse 16 is used in the prokeimenon about the Theotokos. Only the Orthodox recognize the holiness of the Theotokos; the Latins take away from her virtue by the error of the so called “immaculate conception” and Protestants by and large ignore her virtue. Only the Orthodox understand her holiness and fulfill the prophesy of this psalm and that of the Theotokos herself:
For he hath regarded the low estate of his handmaiden: for, behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed. (Luke 1:48)
C:\Documents and Settings\User\My Documents\0000 SERAPHIM\new_advent\fathers\1801045.htm
For the End: Concerning Those Verses That Are to be Alternated, for Instruction to the Sons of Kore. An Ode Concerning the Beloved One, 44.
Priest Seraphim Holland 2009[U1] . St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church, McKinney, Texas
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 This Pastoral Commentary is a work in progress, and is not intended to be a complete exposition. The focus is on whatever will inspire and equip the faithful (including the pastor!), and not necessarily about the theological nuances of each verse commented on. We must read the Psalms to be inspired and helped, and different verses will touch different people in different ways.
 There are many “Messianic Psalms”, which refer to the Messiah, Jesus Christ. Remember that Holy David was not only a King, but also a prophet!
 Blessed Augustine, “Exposition on Psalm 44”, New Advent
 The Heresy proclaimed by Rome, known as the “immaculate conception”, actually demeans the holiness of the Theotokos and makes her something other than human (and therefore, Jesus Christ, Who was borne of her without human male seed, would also be something other than human, and not perfectly God AND “PERFECTLY MAN”, that is, NOT the Savior of mankind). This heresy states that the Theotokos was born without “original sin”, making her unique among all human beings. Of course “original sin” as taught by Rome is a false doctrine also. Human beings are not borne already guilty of sin, but weakness and the propensity to sin.
 All Psalm quotations from the “The Psalter According to the Seventy” © 1974, Holy Transfiguration Monastery, unless otherwise indicated.
 Matthew 3:16 KJV And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:
Luke 4:18-19 KJV The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, (19) To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
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